Difference between revisions of "Timeline of Ohio History"

From Ohio History Central
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==Prehistoric Period: 13000 BC–AD 1650==
 
==Prehistoric Period: 13000 BC–AD 1650==
  
*13,000 BC–8,000 BC: [[Paleoindian Period]] - Ohio's first human inhabitants
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*13,000–8,000 BC: [[Paleoindian Period]] - Ohio's first human inhabitants
  
 
*8,000–800 BC: Ohio's [[Archaic Period]] - Most native people lived as hunters and gatherers.
 
*8,000–800 BC: Ohio's [[Archaic Period]] - Most native people lived as hunters and gatherers.

Revision as of 12:15, 5 May 2021

Prehistoric Period: 13000 BC–AD 1650

  • 8,000–800 BC: Ohio's Archaic Period - Most native people lived as hunters and gatherers.
  • 800 BC–AD 1200: Ohio's Woodland Period - The region's native populace increasingly relied on agriculture to sustain themselves.
    • 800–100 BC: Early Woodland Period
      • 800 BC–AD 100: Adena Culture
      • 100 BC–AD 500: Middle Woodland Period
      • AD 1–400: The Hopewell Culture built large mound complexes in Ohio, including the Newark Earthworks.
    • AD 500–900: Late Woodland Period
  • AD 900–1650: Late Prehistoric Period.
    • AD 1000–1650: Ohio's Fort Ancient Culture flourished in central and southern Ohio. Other Late Prehistoric cultures in Ohio include the Sandusky culture (northwestern), Whittlesey culture (northeastern) and the Monongahela culture (eastern).


Exploration to Statehood: 1650-1803

  • 1492: Christopher Columbus rediscovered the Americas for Europeans, beginning the Colonial Period in the New World.
  • 1607: The Virginia Company established Jamestown, the first British community to survive in North America.
  • 1748: The Ohio Company formed in Virginia to settle the Ohio River Valley.
    • 1775: Hostilities began with battles of Lexington and Concord in Massachussetts.
    • 1781: Final major battle fought at Yorktown, Virginia
  • 1782: Gnadenhutten Massacre. Pennsylvania militia killed Christian Native Americans near Tuscarawas River.

Early Statehood: 1803-1846

  • 1812: City of Columbus founded and named as new state capitol.
  • 1816: State government relocated to Columbus.
  • 1833: Oberlin College, the first coeducational college in the United States founded.
  • 1835: Boundary dispute between Michigan and Ohio led to the Toledo War.

American Civil War: 1860-1865

  • 1864: Sherman led his troops on his " March to the Sea" from Atlanta to Savannah, Georgia.
  • 1865: Robert E. Lee surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House, Virginia.

Industrialization and Urbanization: 1866-1900

  • 1868: Ohioan Ulysses S. Grant elected to his first of two terms as the 18th President of the United States.
  • 1881: Charles Guiteau shot President Garfield, who died three months later, in Washington, D.C.
  • 1894: The first gasoline-powered automobile in the U.S. invented.
  • 1896: Ohioan William McKinley elected to his first of two terms as the 25th President of the United States.

The Progressive Era: 1901-1928

  • 1903: Ohioans Orville and Wilbur Wright complete the first successful flight of a powered airplane.
  • 1913: The Flood of 1913 caused the death of at least 428 Ohioans and brought destruction across the state.

The Great Depression and World War II: 1929-1945

  • 1941-1945: The World War II entangled the United States and Ohio.

The Cold War and the Civil Rights Movement: 1946-1975

  • 1953: Correcting an oversight, Congress passed a resolution officially recognizing Ohio Statehood and declaring Ohio's date of entry into the Union as March 1, 1803.
  • 1962: Ohioan John Glenn became the first person from the United States to orbit the earth.

Modern Ohio

  • 1998: Astronaut John Glenn became the oldest man to travel into space.
  • 2001: Terrorist attacks on September 11 in New York City, NY and Washington, D.C., led to a flurry of anti-terrorist activities in Ohio and throughout the nation.