Difference between revisions of "Timeline of Ohio History"

From Ohio History Central
(American Civil War: 1860-1865)
(American Civil War: 1860-1865)
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*1862: [[Lincoln, Abraham | President Lincoln]] issued the [[Emancipation Proclamation]].
 
*1862: [[Lincoln, Abraham | President Lincoln]] issued the [[Emancipation Proclamation]].
  
*1863: Following a six-week siege, Confederate forces surrendered [[Vicksburg]] to Federal troops led by Ohioan [[Ulysses S. Grant]].
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*1863: Following a six-week siege, Confederate forces surrendered [[Siege of Vicksburg | Vicksburg]] to Federal troops led by Ohioan [[Ulysses S. Grant]].
  
*1863: [[Morgan's Raid]]. Confederate Brigadier General [[John Hunt Morgan]] led troops on a daring raid across southern Ohio.
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*1863: [[Morgan's Raid]]. Confederate Brigadier General [[Morgan, John H. | John Hunt Morgan]] led troops on a daring raid across southern Ohio.
  
*1863: [[Battle of Buffington Island]],the only [[Civil War]] battle fought on Ohio soil.
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*1863: [[Battle of Buffington Island]],the only [[American Civil War | Civil War]] battle fought on Ohio soil.
  
 
*1864: [[Lincoln, Abraham | President Lincoln]] promoted [[Ulysses S. Grant]] to supreme commander of all Union forces.
 
*1864: [[Lincoln, Abraham | President Lincoln]] promoted [[Ulysses S. Grant]] to supreme commander of all Union forces.
  
*1864: Union forces under the leadership of Ohioan [[William T. Sherman]] captured Atlanta.
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*1864: Union forces under the leadership of Ohioan [[Sherman, William T. | William T. Sherman]] captured Atlanta.
  
*1864: Sherman led his troops on his "[[March to the Sea]]" from Atlanta to Savannah, Georgia.
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*1864: Sherman led his troops on his "[[Sherman's March to the Sea | March to the Sea]]" from Atlanta to Savannah, Georgia.
  
 
*1864-1865: [[Ulysses S. Grant]] led the [[Army of the Potomac]] in pursuit of Robert E. Lee's forces during the [[Wilderness Campaign]].
 
*1864-1865: [[Ulysses S. Grant]] led the [[Army of the Potomac]] in pursuit of Robert E. Lee's forces during the [[Wilderness Campaign]].

Revision as of 12:47, 16 May 2013

Prehistoric Period: 13000 BC-1650 AD

  • 8000 BC-500 BC: Ohio's Archaic Period - Most native people lived as hunters and gatherers.
  • 800 BC-1200 AD: Ohio's Woodland Period - The region's native populace increasingly relied on agriculture to sustain themselves.
  • 100 BC-400 AD: The Hopewell Culture built large mound complexes in Ohio, including the Newark Earthworks.


Exploration to Statehood: 1650-1803

  • 1492: Christopher Columbus rediscovered the Americas for Europeans, beginning the Colonial Period in the New World.
  • 1607: The Virginia Company established Jamestown, the first British community to survive in North America.
  • 1748: The Ohio Company formed in Virginia to settle the Ohio River Valley.
    • 1775: Hostilities began with battles of Lexington and Concord in Massachussetts.
    • 1781: Final major battle fought at Yorktown, Virginia
  • 1782: Gnadenhutten Massacre. Pennsylvania militia killed Christian Native Americans near Tuscarawas River.

Early Statehood: 1803-1846

  • 1812: City of Columbus founded and named as new state capitol.
  • 1816: State government relocated to Columbus.
  • 1833: Oberlin College, the first coeducational college in the United States founded.
  • 1835: Boundary dispute between Michigan and Ohio led to the Toledo War.

American Civil War: 1860-1865

  • 1864: Sherman led his troops on his " March to the Sea" from Atlanta to Savannah, Georgia.
  • 1865: Robert E. Lee surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House, Virginia.

Industrialization and Urbanization: 1866-1900

  • 1868: Ohioan Ulysses S. Grant elected to his first of two terms as the 18th President of the United States.
  • 1881: Charles Guiteau shot President Garfield, who died three months later, in Washington, D.C.
  • 1894: The first gasoline-powered automobile in the U.S. invented.
  • 1896: Ohioan William McKinley elected to his first of two terms as the 25th President of the United States.



The Progressive Era: 1901-1928

  • 1903: Ohioans Orville and Wilbur Wright complete the first successful flight of a powered airplane.
  • 1908: Ohioan William H. Taft elected the 27th President of the United States.
  • 1913: The Flood of 1913 caused the death of at least 428 Ohioans and brought destruction across the state.



The Great Depression and World War II: 1929-1945

  • 1941-1945: The World War II entangled the United States and Ohio.



The Cold War and the Civil Rights Movement: 1946-1975

  • 1953: Correcting an oversight, Congress passed a resolution officially recognizing Ohio statehood and declaring Ohio's date of entry into the Union as March 1, 1803.
  • 1962: Ohioan John Glenn became the first American to orbit the earth.
  • 1969: Ohioan Neil Armstrong became the first person to walk on the moon.



Modern Ohio

  • 1998: Astronaut John Glenn became the oldest man to travel into space.
  • 2001: Terrorist attacks on September 11 in New York City, NY and Washington, D.C., led to a flurry of anti-terrorist activities in Ohio and throughout the nation.