Treaty of Fort Stanwix (1784) (Transcript)

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Treaty With the Six Nations, 1784

 Articles concluded at Fort Stanwix, or the twenty-second day of October, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-four, between Oliver Wolcott, Richard Butler, and Arthur Lee, Commissioners Plenipotentiary from the United States, in Congress assembled, on the one Part, and the Sachems and Warriors of the Six Nations, on the other.

The United States of America give peace to the Senecas, Mohawks, Onondagas and Cayugas, and receive them into their protection upon the following conditions:


Six hostages shall be immediately delivered to the commissioners by the said nations, to remain in possession of the United States, till ail the prisoners, white and black, which were taken by the said Senecas, Mohawks, Onondagas and Cayugas, or by any of them, in the late war, from among the people of the United States, shall be delivered up.


The Oneida and Tuscarora nations shall be secured in the possession of the lands on which they are settled.


A line shall be drawn, beginning at the mouth of a creek about four miles east of Niagara, called Oyonwavea, or Johnston's Landing-Place, upon the lake named by the Indians Oswego, and by us Ontario; from thence southerly in a direction always four miles east of the carrying-path, between Lake Erie and Ontario, to the mouth of Tehoseroron or Buffaloe Creek on Lake Erie; thence south to the north boundary of the state of Pennsylvania; thence west to the end of the said north boundary; thence south along the west boundary of the said state, to the river Ohio; the said line from the mouth of the Oyonwayea to the Ohio, shall be the western boundary of the lands of the Six Nations, so that the Six Nations shall and do yield to the United States, all claims to the country west of the said boundary, and then they shall be secured in the peaceful possession of the lands they inhabit east and north of the same, reserving only six miles square round the fort of Oswego, to the United States, for the support of the same.


The Commissioners of the United States, in consideration of the present circumstances of the Six Nations, and in execution of the humane and liberal views of the United States upon the signing of the above articles, will order goods to be delivered to the said Six Nations for their use and comfort.

Oliver Wolcott
Richard Butler
Arthur Lee

Onogwendahonji, his x mark
Touighnatogon, his x mark

Oheadarighton, his x mark
Kendarindgon, his x mark

Tayagonendagighti, his x mark
Tehonwaeaghrigagij his x mark

Otyadonenghti, his x mark
Dagaheari, his x mark

Oraghgoanendagen, his x mark

Ononghsawenghti, his x mark
Tharondawagon, his x mark

Seneka Abeal:
Kayenthoghke, his x mark

Sam. Jo. Atlee
Wm. Maclay
Fras. Johnston
James Dean
Saml. Montgomery
Derick Lane, captain

Pennsylvania Commissioners.

John Mercer, lieutenant
Aaron Hill
Alexander Campbell
Saml. Kirkland, missionary
William Pennington, lieutenant
Mahlon Elord, ensign
Hugh Peebles.

See Also


  1. Hurt, R. Douglas. The Ohio Frontier: Crucible of the Old Northwest, 1720-1830. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1996.
  2. Richter, Daniel K. The Ordeal of the Longhouse: The Peoples of the Iroquois League in the Era of European Colonization. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 1992.