Treaty of the Maumee Rapids (1817)
Also known as the Treaty of the Rapids of the Miami of Lake Erie, the Treaty of the Maumee Rapids was signed on September 29, 1817. In this treaty the Wyandot Indians, the Seneca Indians, the Delaware Indians, the Shawnee Indians, the Potawatomi Indians, the Ottawa Indians, and the Chippewa Indians relinquished their claim to four million acres of land in northwestern Ohio. The treaty was also known as the Treaty with the Wyandot and the Fort Meigs Treaty.
The United States government agreed to pay four thousand dollars each year to the Wyandots, five hundred dollars a year to the Seneca tribe, and two thousand dollars a year to the Shawnees. The United States also agreed to pay $1,300 a year for fifteen years to the Potawatomis, one thousand dollars a year for fifteen years to the Ottawas, one thousand dollars a year for fifteen years to the Chippewas, and a single payment of five hundred dollars to the Delaware. In addition, some tribes received additional cash payments for damages they suffered during the War of 1812 because they were allies of the United States. The United States agreed to grant land to the various tribes as well. The Wyandots received a twelve-mile-square reservation at Upper Sandusky. The Senecas received thirty thousand acres along the Sandusky River. The Shawnees received a ten-mile-square reservation at Wapakoneta in addition to several other grants. The Ottawas received a small parcel along the Auglaize River, while the Delawares were allotted a nine-mile-square reservation next to the Wyandots' land. The Treaty of St. Mary's amended and supplemented the Treaty of Maumee Rapids. The Treaty of St. Mary's was signed later that same day.
Captain Pipe and Black Hoof were two of the signers of the Treaty of the Maumee Rapids.
- Hurt, R. Douglas. The Ohio Frontier: Crucible of the Old Northwest, 1720-1830. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1996.
- Vogel, John J. Indians of Ohio and Wyandot County. New York, NY: Vantage Press, 1975.