Treaty with the Senecas and Shawnees (1832)
The Treaty with the Senecas and the Shawnees (1832) modified an earlier treaty made in 1831 by the United States with the Seneca and Shawnee Indians.
On July 20, 1831, the Seneca Indians and the Shawnee Indians agreed to relinquish their claims to land in western Ohio. In exchange, the United States government agreed to provide the tribes with sixty thousand acres of land west of the Mississippi River. The government also paid the Indians six thousand dollars and implemented a yearly annuity based upon the money that the federal government earned from the sale of the Indians' former land. United States officials additionally presented the natives with one hundred blankets, twenty plows, one hundred hoes, fifty axes, twenty sets of harness, ten rifles, and enough cloth to make forty tents. This agreement became known as the Treaty with the Seneca and the Shawnee (1831).
On December 29, 1832, United States government officials and representatives from the Shawnee and Seneca tribes signed a new treaty. Known as the Treaty with the Seneca and the Shawnee (1832), this new agreement modified the treaty signed in 1831. Under the new treaty, the United States government seized a portion of the sixty thousand acres granted to the Indians in 1831, but federal officials provided the tribes with another portion of land. In the end, the Seneca and Shawnee tribes received approximately sixty thousand acres of land west of the Mississippi River. The Treaty with the Seneca and the Shawnee (1832) also provided the Indians with one thousand dollars to offset the expenses of moving west.
- Hurt, R. Douglas. The Ohio Frontier: Crucible of the Old Northwest, 1720-1830. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1996.