Wayne County

From Ohio History Central
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Wayne County map.jpg

Many historic American Indian groups called what we know today as Wayne County home, long before the arrival of European settlers. These American Indian Tribes included the Shawnee Tribe, Chippewa Tribe, Ojibwa Tribe, Lenape (Delaware) Tribe, Wyandot Tribe, Eel River Tribe, Kaskaskia Tribe, Haudenosaunee (Iroquois Confederacy), Myaamia (Miami) Tribe, Munsee Trbe, Seneca-Caygua Tribe, the Ottawa Tribe, Piankashaw Tribe, Sauk Tribe, Potawatomi Tribe, Seneca Tribe and Wea Tribe.

Today's Wayne County, Ohio, was included in the land designated as Indian Territory in the The Treaty of Greenville (1795). In 1796, the government of the Northwest Territory authorized the creation of a Wayne County, which included much of what would later become northern Ohio, as well as all of the lower peninsula of Michigan, and most of the upper peninsula. With the creation of Ohio in 1803, this Wayne County was incorporated into Michigan Territory and later became today's Wayne County, Michigan. The boundaries for Wayne County, Ohio, as it exists today, was created in 1808, but the county government was not established until 1812 by the State of Ohio.

Residents named the county in honor of General "Mad" Anthony Wayne, the victor at the Battle of Fallen Timbers in 1794. Among the county's earliest residents were members of the Amish Christian religious group. Wayne County's Amish community is now one of the largest in the United States. Many other early settlers were of German origin. It is believed that Wayne County resident August Imgard put up the first Christmas tree in Ohio in 1847.

In 1796, the government of the Northwest Territory authorized the creation of Wayne County. Residents named the county in honor General Anthony Wayne, the victor at the Battle of Fallen Timbers in 1794. Among the county's earliest residents were members of the Amish Christian religious group. Wayne County's Amish community is now one of the largest in the United States. Many other early settlers were of German origin. It is believed that Wayne County resident August Imgard put up the first Christmas tree in Ohio in 1847.

Wayne County is located in northeastern Ohio. It is predominantly rural, with less than two percent of the county's 555 square miles consisting of urban areas. The county seat is Wooster. With a population of 24,811 people, Wooster was the county's largest community in 2000. Wayne County experienced a ten per cent increase in population between 1990 and 2000. The total population of the county in 2000 was 111,564 people. The county averages 201 people per square mile.

Manufacturing businesses employ the largest number of workers in Wayne County, but farming is a close second. Within Ohio, Wayne County farmers rank first in oat and hay production. Wayne County is the home of the Ohio Research and Development Center for Agriculture. In 1999, the per capita income in the county was 23,776 dollars, with 8.8 percent of the people living in poverty.

Most voters in Wayne County claim to be independents.

Wayne County is home to the College of Wooster.


See Also