Difference between revisions of "Winthrop Sargent"

From Ohio History Central
(Created page with "{{infobox | image = File:Executive Journal of the Northwest Territory.jpg | caption = Photograph of the Executive Journal of the Northwest Territory, 1788-1803. Record of ...")
 
Line 1: Line 1:
 
{{infobox
 
{{infobox
 
| image = [[File:Executive Journal of the Northwest Territory.jpg]]
 
| image = [[File:Executive Journal of the Northwest Territory.jpg]]
| caption = Photograph of the Executive Journal of the Northwest Territory, 1788-1803. Record of all official actions and communications of the territorial government, as kept by secretaries Winthrop Sargent from July 9, 1788 to May 31, 1798; by William Henry Harrison from June 28, 1798 to October 1, 1799 and by Charles Willing Byrd from December 31, 1799 to January 15, 1803.
+
| caption = Photograph of the Executive Journal of the  
 +
Northwest Territory, 1788-1803. Record of all  
 +
official actions and communications of the territorial  
 +
government, as kept by secretaries Winthrop Sargent  
 +
from July 9, 1788 to May 31, 1798; by William Henry
 +
Harrison from June 28, 1798 to October 1, 1799 and  
 +
by Charles Willing Byrd from December 31, 1799 to  
 +
January 15, 1803.
 +
 
 
}}
 
}}
<p>Winthrop Sargent was the first Secretary of the Northwest Territory.</p>  
+
<p>Winthrop Sargent was the first Secretary of the Northwest Territory.</p>  
<p>He was born in Gloucester, Massachusetts, on May 1, 1753. Sargent graduated from Harvard College in the early 1770s. With the outbreak of the American Revolution, he joined the Continental Army and attained the rank of major by the war's end. In 1786, Sargent helped survey the Seven Ranges of townships in what is now eastern Ohio. Using the knowledge that he had attained while surveying parts of the Ohio Country, he helped organize the Ohio Company and Associates. He also was one of the principal shareholders of the Scioto Company. He became secretary of the Ohio Company in 1787 and assisted Manasseh Cutler in securing land from the Confederation Congress. </p>  
+
<p>He was born in Gloucester, Massachusetts, on May 1, 1753. Sargent graduated from Harvard College in the early 1770s. With the outbreak of the American Revolution, he joined the Continental Army and attained the rank of major by the war's end. In 1786, Sargent helped survey the Seven Ranges of townships in what is now eastern Ohio. Using the knowledge that he had attained while surveying parts of the Ohio Country, he helped organize the Ohio Company and Associates. He also was one of the principal shareholders of the Scioto Company. He became secretary of the Ohio Company in 1787 and assisted Manasseh Cutler in securing land from the Confederation Congress. </p>  
<p>That same year, the Congress appointed Sargent as the secretary of the Territory Northwest of the River Ohio. He accompanied some of the first Ohio Company settlers to Marietta in 1788. During the late 1780s and early 1790s, Sargent played a major role in the governance of the Northwest Territory. Governor Arthur St. Clair was commonly away from his position, and Sargent served as de facto governor in his absence. He also served under St. Clair in his expedition against the Indians living in western Ohio in 1791. At St. Clair's Defeat on November 4, 1791, Indians twice wounded Sargent. </p>  
+
<p>That same year, the Congress appointed Sargent as the secretary of the Territory Northwest of the River Ohio. He accompanied some of the first Ohio Company settlers to Marietta in 1788. During the late 1780s and early 1790s, Sargent played a major role in the governance of the Northwest Territory. Governor Arthur St. Clair was commonly away from his position, and Sargent served as de facto governor in his absence. He also served under St. Clair in his expedition against the Indians living in western Ohio in 1791. At St. Clair's Defeat on November 4, 1791, Indians twice wounded Sargent. </p>  
 
<p>In 1798, Winthrop Sargent resigned as secretary of the Northwest Territory to accept an appointment as the first governor of the Mississippi Territory. Sargent was a devoted member of the Federalist Party. In 1801, Thomas Jefferson, founder of the Democratic-Republican Party, became President of the United States. Jefferson removed Sargent from the governor's seat due to their differing political views. Sargent then retired from public life. He died in 1820.</p>
 
<p>In 1798, Winthrop Sargent resigned as secretary of the Northwest Territory to accept an appointment as the first governor of the Mississippi Territory. Sargent was a devoted member of the Federalist Party. In 1801, Thomas Jefferson, founder of the Democratic-Republican Party, became President of the United States. Jefferson removed Sargent from the governor's seat due to their differing political views. Sargent then retired from public life. He died in 1820.</p>
 
==See Also==
 
==See Also==
 
<div class="seeAlsoText">
 
<div class="seeAlsoText">
*[[American Revolution]]
+
*[[St. Clair's Defeat]]
*[[Confederation Congress]]
+
 
*[[Manasseh Cutler]]
 
*[[Manasseh Cutler]]
*[[Democratic-Republican Party]]
 
*[[Federalist Party]]
 
 
*[[Thomas Jefferson]]
 
*[[Thomas Jefferson]]
 +
*[[Arthur St. Clair]]
 +
*[[American Revolution]]
 
*[[Marietta, Ohio]]
 
*[[Marietta, Ohio]]
 
*[[Northwest Territory]]
 
*[[Northwest Territory]]
*[[Ohio Company of Associates]]
 
 
*[[Ohio Country]]
 
*[[Ohio Country]]
*[[Scioto Company]]
 
 
*[[Seven Ranges]]
 
*[[Seven Ranges]]
*[[St. Clair's Defeat]]
+
*[[Federalist Party]]
*[[Arthur St. Clair]]
+
*[[Ohio Company of Associates]]
 +
*[[Scioto Company]]
 +
*[[Democratic-Republican Party]]
 +
*[[Confederation Congress]]
 
</div>
 
</div>
 +
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
<div class="referencesText">
 
<div class="referencesText">
Line 34: Line 43:
 
#Williams, Frederick D., ed. <em>The Northwest Ordinance: Essays on Its Formulation, Provisions, and Legacy</em>. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 1989.
 
#Williams, Frederick D., ed. <em>The Northwest Ordinance: Essays on Its Formulation, Provisions, and Legacy</em>. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 1989.
 
</div>
 
</div>
[[Category:History People]][[Category:Exploration To Statehood]]
+
[[Category:History People]][[Category:Exploration To Statehood]][[Category:American Indians]][[Category:Government and Politics]][[Category:Military]][[Category:Statehood]][[Category:Frontier Ohio]]
[[Category:American Indians]]
+
[[Category:Frontier Ohio]]
+
[[Category:Government and Politics]]
+
[[Category:Military]]
+
[[Category:Statehood]]
+

Revision as of 15:17, 23 May 2013

Executive Journal of the Northwest Territory.jpg
Photograph of the Executive Journal of the Northwest Territory, 1788-1803. Record of all official actions and communications of the territorial government, as kept by secretaries Winthrop Sargent from July 9, 1788 to May 31, 1798; by William Henry Harrison from June 28, 1798 to October 1, 1799 and by Charles Willing Byrd from December 31, 1799 to

January 15, 1803.

Winthrop Sargent was the first Secretary of the Northwest Territory.

He was born in Gloucester, Massachusetts, on May 1, 1753. Sargent graduated from Harvard College in the early 1770s. With the outbreak of the American Revolution, he joined the Continental Army and attained the rank of major by the war's end. In 1786, Sargent helped survey the Seven Ranges of townships in what is now eastern Ohio. Using the knowledge that he had attained while surveying parts of the Ohio Country, he helped organize the Ohio Company and Associates. He also was one of the principal shareholders of the Scioto Company. He became secretary of the Ohio Company in 1787 and assisted Manasseh Cutler in securing land from the Confederation Congress.

That same year, the Congress appointed Sargent as the secretary of the Territory Northwest of the River Ohio. He accompanied some of the first Ohio Company settlers to Marietta in 1788. During the late 1780s and early 1790s, Sargent played a major role in the governance of the Northwest Territory. Governor Arthur St. Clair was commonly away from his position, and Sargent served as de facto governor in his absence. He also served under St. Clair in his expedition against the Indians living in western Ohio in 1791. At St. Clair's Defeat on November 4, 1791, Indians twice wounded Sargent.

In 1798, Winthrop Sargent resigned as secretary of the Northwest Territory to accept an appointment as the first governor of the Mississippi Territory. Sargent was a devoted member of the Federalist Party. In 1801, Thomas Jefferson, founder of the Democratic-Republican Party, became President of the United States. Jefferson removed Sargent from the governor's seat due to their differing political views. Sargent then retired from public life. He died in 1820.

See Also

References

  1. Carter, Clarence Edwin, ed. The Territorial Papers of the United States. Vol. I-III. New York, NY: AMS Press, 1973.
  2. Howe, Henry. Historical Collections of Ohio in Two Volumes. Vol. II. Cincinnati, OH: C.J. Krehbiel & Co., Printers and Binders, 1902.
  3. Hurt, R. Douglas. The Ohio Frontier: Crucible of the Old Northwest, 1720-1830. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1996.
  4. Onuf, Peter S. Statehood and Union: A History of the Northwest Ordinance. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1987.
  5. Phillips, P. Lee. The Rare Map of the Northwest, 1785, by John Fitch: A Bibliographical Account, with Facsimile Reproduction Including Some Account of Thomas Hutchins and William McMurray. Washington, DC: W.H. Lowdermilk & Co., 1916.
  6. Sargent, Winthrop. Political Intolerance, or, the Violence of Party Spirit; Exemplified in a Recent Removal from Office; With a Comment upon Executive Conduct, and an Ample Refutation of Calumny, in a Sketch of the Services and Sacrifices of a Dismissed Officer; by one of the American People. Boston, MA: Benjamin Russell, 1801.
  7. Williams, Frederick D., ed. The Northwest Ordinance: Essays on Its Formulation, Provisions, and Legacy. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 1989.