John Brickell

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John Brickell was an Anglo-American captured by the Lenape (Delware) when he was ten, and lived among them for four years.

He was born in western Pennsylvania, near Pittsburgh, in 1781. On a trip to Pittsburgh, the ten-year-old Brickell was captured by the Lenape and adopted into a Lenape family. His new family moved to a village located on the Maumee River. Brickell was with the Delaware for four years until his release in 1795. In the Treaty of Greenville, the Lenape and other American Indian tribes in the Northwest Territory agreed to release all white hostages. Brickell received his freedom, but continued to live as an Amerian Indian.

Upon his release, Brickell settled on the Scioto River near present-day Columbus. Many people view Brickell as the first white settler of Columbus. His home was along the east bank of the Scioto River near the grounds of what would become the Ohio Penitentiary. He remained in central Ohio until his death in 1844.

See Also


  1. Martin, William T. History of Franklin County: A Collection of Reminiscences of the Early Settlement of the County. Columbus, OH: Follett, Forster & Co., 1858.