From Ohio History Central

Germania was a German-American newspaper published in Cleveland, Ohio during the mid-19th century.

People of German heritage were among the earliest white settlers of Ohio. Many migrated from Pennsylvania during the late 1700s and the early 1800s along Zane's Trace, settling in the central part of Ohio. By the 1820s and 1830s, a large number of German migrants had also settled in the northeastern portion of the state.

Numerous German migrants sought to maintain their traditional culture in their new homes. One way that German migrants sought to accomplish this was through the publication of German-language newspapers. The first such newspaper published in Cleveland was Germania. Edward Hessenmueller founded the paper and served as its first editor. Germania began publication in 1846, and it was the first foreign-language paper published in Cleveland. Initially, the paper favored the Democratic Party, but it quickly changed its political leaning to the Whig Party and then the Republican Party. It appears that the paper remained in publication until at least 1855. By that time, many German migrants had incorporated into American life. Like many other Americans during the late 1700s and the early 1800s, the German immigrants viewed Ohio as a land of opportunity, but they also sought, as evidenced with Germania, to maintain many aspects of their traditional culture.

See Also


  1. Cazden, Robert E. "The German Book Trade In Ohio Before 1848." Ohio History: The Scholarly Journal of the Ohio History Connection 84: 57-77. 
  2. Van Tassel, David D., and John J. Grabowski, eds. The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1996.