During the first half of the nineteenth century, numerous religious groups moved to Ohio. Some came seeking converts; others came to avoid persecution; while others came for a combination of these reasons and numerous other ones. Many of these congregations established institutions of higher education in Ohio. These colleges served to educate future ministers as well as to instill the various faiths' values in their younger brethren.
One of these religious groups was the Presbyterians. In 1837, the Presbyterian Church founded Muskingum College at New Concord. It was one of the first coeducational institutions of higher education in the United States. The institution has operated continuously since the 1830s, boasting an enrollment of 1,550 students in 2002.