From Ohio History Central
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While the Scopes Trial (also known as the Scopes Monkey Trial) occurred in Tennessee, it had an impact on life in Ohio. Reporters from across the country reported on the case, and Ohioans knew of the trial. Ohioans were also very interested in the case because Clarence Darrow was originally from Ohio. Like some people in Tennessee, some Ohioans were concerned about the supposedly declining morality of some of their neighbors. A movement to ban the teaching of evolution occurred in the state, but this debate did not go as far as the one in Tennessee. By the 1930s and 1940s, the two sides of this issue in Ohio had more pressing concerns, namely the Great Depression and World War II. Since these two events, the debate over the teaching of creationism versus the teaching of evolution has arisen on a few occasions. As the United States courts have attempted to create a complete separation of church and state, most public schools across the nation have prohibited the teaching of creationism. At the start of the twenty-first century, Ohio approved the teaching of multiple theories on the origins of human beings, including evolution and a theory titled "intelligent design." The intelligent design theory contends that some higher power -- perhaps some sort of god -- created human life. The theory does not endorse a specific religious belief, but it does allow for the teaching of another theory beyond evolution.
[[Category:The Progressive Era]]