From Ohio History Central
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As a result of the failure of states to regulate railroads, the United States Congress passed the Interstate Commerce Act in 1887. The Interstate Commerce Act required that railroads charge fair rates to their customers and make those rates public. This legislation also created the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC), which had the authority to investigate and prosecute companies who violated the law. Unfortunately, the Interstate Commerce Commission also faced limitations during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The commission was only authorized to investigate companies whose business crossed over state lines. If the railroad only operated within one state, the Interstate Commerce Commission did not have any authority over it. The commission also found that the courts usually ruled in favor of the companies when cases were prosecuted. A total of sixteen cases made their way before the United States Supreme Court between 1887 and 1906, and the court only upheld the commission's decision in one of those cases.
[[Category:Industrialization and Urbanization]]