From Ohio History Central
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In the elections of November 1862, the Union Party in Ohio experienced major setbacks. Only five of their nineteen congressional candidates were elected to office. The Unionists also lost the election for attorney-general. A major reason for the Union Party's lack of success was Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation. Despite the political backlash, the Emancipation Proclamation went into effect on January 1, 1863, ending slavery in areas in rebellion.