From Ohio History Central
Numerous African Americans have resided in Ohio. Today, African-American Ohioans continue to enhance Ohio's cultural and social landscape.
Prior to becoming a state, very few African Americans resided in Ohio. In 1800, only 337 African Americans lived in the area. Most of these people were free, but undoubtedly, a small number of them were slaves. African Americans hovered near two percent of Ohio's total population throughout the first half of the nineteenth century. By 1810, 1,890 blacks called Ohio home, increasing to 4,723 a decade later. By 1860, 36,700 African Americans resided in the state.
Thanks to the efforts of Civil Rights activists, today, African Americans enjoy more opportunities than at any other point in United States history. Racism still exists, but slowly, its hold over American society has eroded. That said, true equality does not necessarily exist even today. Protests continue to arise across the United States, including in Ohio. As recently as 2001, race riots have occurred in Cincinnati, illustrating the perceived or actual racist sentiments of some Ohioans.
[[Category:Early Statehood]][[Category:Industrialization and Urbanization]][[Category:The Progressive Era]][[Category:Great Depression and World War II]][[Category:The Cold War and Civil Rights]][[Category:Civil War]]