From Ohio History Central
With the establishment of public education in Ohio, communities now formed school districts to meet the state legislature's dictate. In 1829, Cincinnati established "The Board of Trustees and Visitors" to oversee its school district. Each political ward of Cincinnati had one elected member serving on the board. For the first two decades of public education in Cincinnati, there was no superintendent. This changed in 1850 with a new state law requiring the election of a superintendent for each school district in Ohio. Nathan Guilford won election in Cincinnati. He served as the district's first superintendent from 1850 until 1852.