From Ohio History Central
no edit summary
| image = [[File:U.S.S. Akron.jpg]]
| caption = Construction of the USS Akron, the first rigid, lighter than air ship (dirigible) built in Ohio. The airship's first flight was on September 23, 1931. It crashed into the Atlantic Ocean during a storm off the coast of New Jersey on April 4, 1933.
<p>In 1916, the Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company purchased land near Akron, Ohio, to build a plant that could produce zeppelin aircraft. In 1917, the main Goodyear Company created a subsidiary known as the Goodyear Zeppelin Company to manufacture the zeppelins. That same year, the firm received a contract from the federal government to manufacture nine zeppelins for the United States military during World War I. Unfortunately for the company, its manufacturing facilities were not complete in 1917, so Goodyear completed the first airships inside of a large amusement park building in Chicago, Illinois. The military used these airships to bomb and to spy upon enemy positions.</p>
<p>Upon World War I's conclusion, the Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company continued to manufacture zeppelins. The firm used most of these ships to advertise its products. By the late 1920s and the early 1930s, among the firm's completed zeppelins were the <em>Pony</em>, <em>Pilgrim</em>, <em>Puritan</em>, <em>Volunteer</em>, <em>Mayflower</em>, <em>Vigilant</em>, <em>Defender</em>, <em>Reliance</em>, <em>Resolute</em>, <em>Enterprise</em>, <em>Ranger</em>, and <em>Columbia</em>. Most of these ships utilized helium to become airborne, while zeppelins originally used heated air or hydrogen. During this period, other companies, especially European ones, were constructing airships to transport passengers, including across the Atlantic Ocean. Goodyear also manufactured two airships, the <em>Akron and the <em>Macon, </em></em>for the United States military during the early 1930s. During World War II, the company manufactured 104 airships for the military at its Akron facility.</p>
<p>Following World War II, the Goodyear Zeppelin Company continued to manufacture airships, but it also expanded into producing other types of aircraft and aircraft parts. The main thrust of the company, however, remained the airships. The company now used the zeppelins almost exclusively for advertising purposes. In 1966, the firm created the "Skytacular," a four-color sign that could be flown from blimps and read especially at night by people on the ground. Beginning in the 1950s, the Goodyear airships commonly appeared at major sporting events. The firm manufactured over three hundred zeppelins between 1917 and 1995, but it currently only operates three airships, the<em><em> <em>Spirit of America</em>, </em></em>the <em><em><em>Spirit of Goodyear</em>, </em></em>and the<em><em> Stars & Stripes</em></em><em><em>, </em></em>in the United States.<em><em> </em></em></p>
*[[Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company]]
*[[Goodyear Zeppelin Company]]
*[[World War II]]
#Allen, Hugh. <em>House of Goodyear: Story of Rubber and Modern Business</em>. N.p.: Ayer Co. Pub., 1976.#Beasley, Norman. <em>Men Working: A Story of the Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company</em>. N.p.: Harper & Bros., 1931.#Cashman, Sean. <em>America in the Gilded Age</em>. N.p.: NYU Press, 1993.#Chandler, Alfred D., Jr. <em>The Visible Hand: The Managerial Revolution in American Business</em>. N.p.: Belknap Press, 1993.#Korman, Richard. <em>The Goodyear Story: An Inventor's Obsession and the Struggle for a Rubber Monopoly</em>. N.p.: Encounter Books, 2002.#Murdock, Eugene. <em>Buckeye Empire: An Illustrated History of Ohio Enterprise</em>. N.p.: Windsol, 1988.#Painter, Nell Irwin. <em>Standing at Armageddon: A Grassroots History of the Progressive Era</em>. N.p.: W.W. Norton, 2008.#Porter, Glenn. <em>The Rise of Big Business, 1860-1920</em>. N.p.: Harlan Davidson, 2006.
[[Category:History Topics]][[Category:The Progressive Era]][[Category:Business and Industry]][[Category:Science and Medicine]][[Category:Transportation]][[Category:World Wars]]