From Ohio History Central
Text replacement - "Greeneville" to "Greenville"
<p>Morgan's remaining men (about 1,100 of the 1,800 engaged) managed to escape from the battlefield and continued in a northerly direction along the Ohio River, hoping to find a place to cross. Twelve miles upstream from Buffington Island, Morgan's Raiders found an unprotected crossing at Reedsville in Meigs County. Over three hundred of the Confederates succeeded in crossing the river before Fitch’s Union gunboats arrived. Morgan and his remaining 800 soldiers retreated westward and southward through Meigs and Gallia counties and then moved in a more northeasterly direction through Vinton, Hocking, Athens, Perry, Morgan, Muskingum, Noble, Guernsey, Harrison, Jefferson, Carroll, and Columbiana counties. Southwest of Salineville, in Columbiana County, Union cavalry under the command of Major W.B. Way engaged in a running battle with Morgan’s remaining 475 troopers. After an hour and half of fighting, the action around Salineville resulted in over one hundred Confederates killed, wounded, and captured, and less than twenty Union soldiers wounded. Three miles west of West Point in Columbiana County, Major G.W. Rue’s Union cavalry surrounded Morgan's Raiders and succeeded in capturing Morgan and 364 of his command. The surrender occurred at about 2 PM on July 26, 1863. Morgan's capture marked the end of his raid of the North.</p>
<p>The Union soldiers took Morgan and most of his captured men to Cincinnati. The enlisted men were confined in the Camp Chase Confederate prison camp in Columbus, Camp Morton in Indianapolis, Camp Douglas in Chicago, and other prison camps in the North, while Morgan and sixty-eight of his officers were confined in the Ohio Penitentiary. Morgan arrived there on July 30th. He and several of his men immediately made plans to escape. Using table knives, they tunneled out of their cells into an airshaft in November 1863. They remained in their cells until the night of November 27, when Morgan and six of his officers, dressed in civilian clothes, utilized the airshaft to reach the prison yard. They then used a homemade grappling hook tied to a rope fashioned from their bed ticking and scaled the wall. Utilizing some money that had been smuggled into the prison, Morgan purchased a train ticket to Cincinnati. He then made his escape across the Ohio River into Kentucky. Morgan returned to the Confederate army but lost his life less than a year later on the battlefield at
<p>Morgan's Raid netted few positive results for the Confederate military. The raid diverted over 100,000 Union troops from their normal duties for three weeks, which fulfilled the primary mission that the Confederate high command had given to Morgan. Many of these Union soldiers represented the bulk of General Burnside’s cavalry, which was critically needed for leading an advance into East Tennessee. The raid did provide some hope to Confederate civilians that their military could still succeed following the Union victories at Gettysburg and Vicksburg in early July 1863. It also caused fear among Indiana and Ohio residents and cost thousands of these people personal property that the raiders had seized. Almost 4,400 Ohioans filed claims for compensation with the federal government for items that they lost to the Confederates or to Union soldiers and militia during the raid. The claims amounted to $678,915, with the government authorizing compensation in the amount of $576,225. While the Confederates succeeded in instilling fear in the civilian population, the raid inspired many of these people to fight even harder to defeat the Confederacy. In addition, the Confederate military lost a large number of veteran cavalrymen. The raid caused no significant harm to the transportation and communication infrastructure of the Union. The Great Raid had as many negative effects as positive ones for the Confederacy.</p>