From Ohio History Central
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By the 1910s and 1920s, economic conditions had deteriorated in Appalachia. Oil began to replace coal in many industries, causing numerous mining businesses to cease operation. Also, as coal resources declined in various parts of Appalachia, many mining companies moved their operations to either other parts of Appalachia or to other regions of the United States. Entire towns ceased to exist as mining companies moved away. Work was no longer available for some Appalachia residents, causing a migration from this part of the country to the nation's industrial centers, including northern Ohio, Michigan, and several other states. This migration peaked during World War I and World War II, as thousands of American men either volunteered for or were drafted into the military, creating jobs in the factories. For example, from 1910 to 1920, Akron's population increased by nearly 150,000 people, many of them from Appalachia. The migration dwindled during the Great Depression, as factory workers faced high unemployment rates. The economic situation in Appalachia continued to suffer during the late twentieth and early twenty-first century, as few large employers were willing to establish businesses in this region. In recent years individual state governments and the federal government have attempted to alleviate the economic situation in Appalachia by encouraging businesses through tax incentives to move to the region and by funding highway construction projects, making the region more accessible.
[[Category:Towards the 21st Century]]