Eliza J. Thompson
Eliza Jane Trimble "Mother" Thompson, national and local leader of the Temperance movement, from Hillsboro, Ohio, ca. 1900.
Eliza Jane Trimble Thompson lived in the community of Hillsboro, Ohio. She was the daughter of former Ohio governor Allen Trimble and the wife of a local judge. By the 1870s, the issue of temperance became more important to Ohio residents. Hillsboro had about twenty saloons, and Thompson and her supporters became determined to stop alcohol consumption in their town. Thompson had attended a speech given by Dr. Diocletian Lewis in 1873. Dr. Lewis had suggested that women should organize to protest against saloons and to pray for the bars' closing. Thompson took Lewis's advice. She and seventy-five other women in the community marched on the saloons, demanding that they pledge to no longer serve alcohol. Ultimately, Thompson and her followers were successful in closing the town's saloons. As a result of their success, women in more than one hundred other Ohio towns held their own protest marches. Many of these women later became involved in the Woman's Christian Temperance Union.